Temples Ammon Zeus


One of the important temples that have been found in Chalkidiki is Ammon Zeus, which was discovered in 1969 on the occasion of the construction of a hotel, causing partial destruction of the crest of the cult. The excavation that continued in the years 1970, 1971 and 1973 showed that in this place the peninsula of Kassandra was founded in the second half of the 8th century BC by the Evoi colonists of the city of Afiti, sanctuary of Dionysus, worshiped together with Nymphs in the cave below the rock on the southwest slope of the area. Worship in the cave, where the faithful reached a scaled scale, continued in the following centuries until the 2nd century AD.

On the flat surface, in the northern part of the site, was founded towards the end of the 5th century. B.C. sanctuary of the Egyptian origin of god Ammon Zeus. Originally, towards the end of the 5th c. BC, a built altar was built, but later, in the second half of the 4th century BC, a portico temple of Doric style was built next to the altar with stone entablature (superstructure). The latter replaced with another marble in the late 3rd or early 2nd cent. B.C. after a catastrophe suffered. The roof was decorated with ceramic tiles, embossed and colored. Its design rehabilitation is possible based on the architectural members found scattered.

In Roman times (1st – 2nd century AD), the temple was repaired and its material was built on the south narrow side of the two stepped constructions (stands), while on top of the old altar, another small bunch was built. In this open space sitting believers should watch some events. As the findings show, the Roman phase of the temple lasted until the time of the successors of Grand Constantine, so it must be definitively destroyed. A section of an Early Christian bath excavated at the northern end of the site is possibly associated with the continuation of worship in the early Christian centuries, and later in the Middle Byzantine period. The abandonment of the sanctuary was followed by the ruin of its ruins by the monks of the Russian monastery Panteleimon, whose land had become the site.