Toumba inhabited from the end of the Neolithic period to the Iron Age in successive layers. It is one of the most important prehistoric sites of Halkidiki in terms of habitation and size. To the west of the camp there was an organized Early Bronze Age cemetery, the oldest cemetery found in Macedonia. It was excavated with small exploratory cuts in 1928 by the English archaeologist W.A. Heurtley, and since 1993 began a new systematic excavation from the German Archaeological School under the direction of archaeologist DrB.Haensel. The new excavation is in progress, but it has already brought to light interesting finds in the field of prehistoric architecture and pottery. The cemetery was investigated in 1992 by the IST EPCA.